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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: The effect of pachymic acid on regulating the inflammatory factors and oxidative stress biomarkers (a) The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for oxidative stress biomarkers, including myeloperoxidase, malondialdehyde, and glutathione. (b) The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for inflammatory factors, including TNF-α, IL-1 β, and IL-8.(**P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001, compared to control group, #P < 0.05 and ##P < 0.01, ###P < 0.001, compared to TBNS group). All the data were presented as mean ± standard deviation

Figure 3: The effect of pachymic acid on regulating the inflammatory factors and oxidative stress biomarkers (a) The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for oxidative stress biomarkers, including myeloperoxidase, malondialdehyde, and glutathione. (b) The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for inflammatory factors, including TNF-α, IL-1 β, and IL-8.(**<i>P</i> < 0.01, ***<i> P </i>< 0.001, compared to control group, <sup>#</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 and <sup>##</sup><i>P</i> < 0.01, <sup>###</sup><i>P</i> < 0.001, compared to TBNS group). All the data were presented as mean ± standard deviation