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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 11: β-caryophyllene inhibits inflammatory markers assessed by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. (a-d) mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, nuclear factor-kappa B, interleukin-6, and cyclooxygenase-2 was used and Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was used as a loading control. The statistical analysis was carried out using one-way analysis of variance. Values are represented mean ± standard deviation of three experiments. P < 0.05 was significantly different from the control sample. *P < 0.05 was significantly different from the control sample

Figure 11: β-caryophyllene inhibits inflammatory markers assessed by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. (a-d) mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, nuclear factor-kappa B, interleukin-6, and cyclooxygenase-2 was used and Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was used as a loading control. The statistical analysis was carried out using one-way analysis of variance. Values are represented mean ± standard deviation of three experiments. <i>P</i> < 0.05 was significantly different from the control sample. *<i>P</i> < 0.05 was significantly different from the control sample