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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Effects of PM014 and dexamethasone on the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 in lung tissues. mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (a), interleukin-6 (b), interleukin-1 β (c), and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (d) were measured by a real-time polymerase chain reaction in the lung tissues. The results are shown as fold changes in expression relative to GAPDH, a reference gene. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Newman–Keuls post hoc test. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001

Figure 4: Effects of PM014 and dexamethasone on the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 in lung tissues. mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (a), interleukin-6 (b), interleukin-1 β (c), and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (d) were measured by a real-time polymerase chain reaction in the lung tissues. The results are shown as fold changes in expression relative to GAPDH, a reference gene. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Newman–Keuls <i>post hoc</i> test. *<i>P</i> < 0.05, **<i>P</i> < 0.01, ***<i>P</i> < 0.001