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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Effect of capsaicin on the secretion of pro-inflammatorycytokines, (a) tumor necrosis factor-α, (b) interleukin-6, and (c) interleukin-1β in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 cells. Cellspretreated with various concentrations of capsaicin were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (1 μg/mL) for 24 h. Tumor necrosis factor-α,interleukin-6 and interleukin-1β in the culture media were measured byenzyme-linked immunosorbent. Relative data represent the mean valuesof three independent experiments. #P < 0.001, lipopolysaccharide-treatedgroup versus. control; *P < 0.05, significant difference from the lipopolysaccharide-treated group

Figure 3: Effect of capsaicin on the secretion of pro-inflammatorycytokines, (a) tumor necrosis factor-α, (b) interleukin-6, and (c) interleukin-1β in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 cells. Cellspretreated with various concentrations of capsaicin were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (1 μg/mL) for 24 h. Tumor necrosis factor-α,interleukin-6 and interleukin-1β in the culture media were measured byenzyme-linked immunosorbent. Relative data represent the mean valuesof three independent experiments. <sup>#</sup><i>P</i> < 0.001, lipopolysaccharide-treatedgroup versus. control; *<i>P</i> < 0.05, significant difference from the lipopolysaccharide-treated group