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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Effect of 20-hydroxyecdysone, momordin Ic, and oleanolic acid from K. scoparia on LPS-stimulated TNF-α production in RAW 264.7 cells. The production of TNF-α was measured in culture medium of cells pretreated with various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, or 25 μM) of 20-hydroxyecdysone, momordin Ic, or oleanolic acid for 4 h and then stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 20 h. Each bar represents the mean of three independent experiments. #P < 0.05 and ##P < 0.01 vs. untreated control; **P < 0.01 vs. LPS-treated cells

Figure 5: Effect of 20-hydroxyecdysone, momordin Ic, and oleanolic acid from <i>K. scoparia</i> on LPS-stimulated TNF-α production in RAW 264.7 cells. The production of TNF-α was measured in culture medium of cells pretreated with various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, or 25 μM) of 20-hydroxyecdysone, momordin Ic, or oleanolic acid for 4 h and then stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 20 h. Each bar represents the mean of three independent experiments. <sup>#</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 and <sup>##</sup><i>P</i> < 0.01 vs. untreated control; **<i>P</i> < 0.01 vs. LPS-treated cells