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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Effects of young green barley leaf extract on total brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (a), BDNF exon I (b), and BDNF exon IV messenger RNA expression (c) in the hippocampus evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean for n = 7-9 mice. **P < 0.01 versus nonstressed (Nil) group (Aspin Welch's t-test). #P < 0.05 versus vehicle group (Dunnett's test). Vehicle: Distilled water; YG400 and YG1000: Young green barley leaf extract at doses of 400 mg/kg and 1,000 mg/kg, respectively; Clo: Clotiazepam at a dose of 10 mg/kg

Figure 5: Effects of young green barley leaf extract on total brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (a), BDNF exon I (b), and BDNF exon IV messenger RNA expression (c) in the hippocampus evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean for <i>n</i> = 7-9 mice. **<i>P</i> < 0.01 versus nonstressed (Nil) group (Aspin Welch's <i>t</i>-test). #<i>P</i> < 0.05 versus vehicle group (Dunnett's test). Vehicle: Distilled water; YG400 and YG1000: Young green barley leaf extract at doses of 400 mg/kg and 1,000 mg/kg, respectively; Clo: Clotiazepam at a dose of 10 mg/kg