Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 66  |  Page : 440--448

Antithrombocytopenic potential of bioactivity guided fractions of traditionally used Psidium guajava Linn. leaves in busulfan induced-thrombocytopenic rats


Adil Ahmad, Mohammad Ibrahim, Karishma Chester, Washim Khan, Sayeed Ahmad, SH Ansari 
 Bioactive Natural Product Laboratory, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sayeed Ahmad
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Bioactive Natural Product Laboratory, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi - 110 062
India

Background: Psidium guajava L. (family: Myrtaceae) is a traditionally used medicinal plant and possesses various therapeutic properties. This study was aimed to explore the antithrombocytopenic potential of bioactive fraction of P. guajava L. Materials and Methodology: Hydroalcoholic extract of dried leaves was prepared through soxhlation, and further, it was fractionated. Hydroalcoholic extract and its fractions were tested for antithrombocytopenic potential in busulfan-treated rats. Bioactive fractions were metabolically characterized through ultra-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) and. Results: A total of 30.3% w/w hydroalcoholic extract was obtained from which 5.7%, 4.2%, 8.6%, and 11.8% w/w of n-hexane, dichloromethane, n-butanol, and aqueous fractions were collected, respectively. n-butanol and aqueous fractions were identified as the potent bioactive fractions as antithrombocytopenic agents. Using toluene:ethyl acetate:formic acid (6:3:1 v/v/v) as a solvent system in TLC, 12 and 9 metabolites were separated in n-butanol and aqueous fractions, respectively, whereas 11 and 12 metabolites were tentatively identified through UPLC-MS in aqueous and n-butanol fractions, respectively. Five metabolites (showing m/z values of 303.05, 302.5, 313.2, 573.51, and 341.32 eluted at 2.80, 3.81, 7.94, 8.55 and 8.69 min, respectively) were found in both aqueous and n-butanol fractions. Conclusion: Chromatographically characterized n-butanol and aqueous fractions of hydroalcoholic extract of P. guajava increased platelet count, and it can be further explored for the development of new phytopharmaceutical.


How to cite this article:
Ahmad A, Ibrahim M, Chester K, Khan W, Ahmad S, Ansari S H. Antithrombocytopenic potential of bioactivity guided fractions of traditionally used Psidium guajava Linn. leaves in busulfan induced-thrombocytopenic rats.Phcog Mag 2019;15:440-448


How to cite this URL:
Ahmad A, Ibrahim M, Chester K, Khan W, Ahmad S, Ansari S H. Antithrombocytopenic potential of bioactivity guided fractions of traditionally used Psidium guajava Linn. leaves in busulfan induced-thrombocytopenic rats. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Apr 18 ];15:440-448
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2019;volume=15;issue=66;spage=440;epage=448;aulast=Ahmad;type=0