Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 44  |  Page : 362--364

Chemical composition of the essential oil and fixed oil Bauhinia pentandra (Bong.) D. Dietr


Macia C. S. de Almeida1, Luciana G. S. Souza1, Daniele A. Ferreira1, Francisco J. Q. Monte1, Raimundo Braz-Filho2, Telma L. G. de Lemos1 
1 Departamento de Química Orgânica e Inorgânica, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza-CE, Brazil
2 Setor de Química de Produtos Naturais, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Telma L. G. de Lemos
Departamento de Química Orgânica e Inorgânica, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza-CE
Brazil

Background: Bauhinia pentandrais popularly known as "mororó" and inhabits the Caatinga and Savannah biomes. Objective: This paper reports the chemical composition of the essential and fatty oils of the leaves from B. pentandra. Materials and Methods: The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and the fixed oil by extraction with hexane, followed by saponification with KOH/MeOH, and methylation using MeOH/HCl. The constituents were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: The major constituent of the essential oil was the phytol (58.78% ±8.51%), and of the fatty oil were palmitic (29.03%), stearic (28.58%) and linolenic (10.53%) acids. Conclusion: Of the compounds identified in the essential oil, three are first reported in this species, and this is the first record of the chemical composition of the fixed oil.


How to cite this article:
de Almeida MC, Souza LG, Ferreira DA, Monte FJ, Braz-Filho R, de Lemos TL. Chemical composition of the essential oil and fixed oil Bauhinia pentandra (Bong.) D. Dietr.Phcog Mag 2015;11:362-364


How to cite this URL:
de Almeida MC, Souza LG, Ferreira DA, Monte FJ, Braz-Filho R, de Lemos TL. Chemical composition of the essential oil and fixed oil Bauhinia pentandra (Bong.) D. Dietr. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Apr 21 ];11:362-364
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2015;volume=11;issue=44;spage=362;epage=364;aulast=de;type=0