Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 25  |  Page : 53--59

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora


K Zomorodian1, MJ Saharkhiz2, MJ Rahimi3, A Bandegi2, G Shekarkhar3, A Bandegani3, K Pakshir1, A Bazargani4 
1 Center of Basic Researches in Infectious Diseases; Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Post code 71348-45794, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3 Center of Basic Researches in Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Post code 71348-45794, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of Medical Bacteriology and Virology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Post code 71348-45794, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
M J Saharkhiz
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz
Iran

Background: Zataria multiflora Boiss. is a traditional and popular spice in Iran. The effects of 3 ecotypes (ECTPs) of Z. multiflora essential oils (EOs) against most common causes of food-borne and nosocomial infections were evaluated. Materials and Methods: The antimicrobial activities of the EOs were examined by broth microdilution method as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). The chemical compositions of the EOs from 3 ECTPs of Z. multiflora have been analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: Analysis of the EOs indicated that 3 chemotypes were present in Z. multiflora, including carvacrol, thymol-carvacrol, and linalool, whereas previous studies have only found carvacrol and thymol. Inhibition studies showed that the tested EOs entirely inhibited the growth of yeasts at concentrations of less than 1 μL/mL. Moreover, the oils exhibited significant bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria at concentrations ranging from 0.12 to 8 μL/mL. Conclusion: These results suggest that the EOs from Z. multiflora should be investigated further for possible use in antimicrobial products and food preservatives.


How to cite this article:
Zomorodian K, Saharkhiz M J, Rahimi M J, Bandegi A, Shekarkhar G, Bandegani A, Pakshir K, Bazargani A. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora.Phcog Mag 2011;7:53-59


How to cite this URL:
Zomorodian K, Saharkhiz M J, Rahimi M J, Bandegi A, Shekarkhar G, Bandegani A, Pakshir K, Bazargani A. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2011 [cited 2021 May 7 ];7:53-59
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2011;volume=7;issue=25;spage=53;epage=59;aulast=Zomorodian;type=0