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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 71  |  Page : 625-629

A special aromatic Chrysanthemum breed with high content of thujone


1 College of Pharmacy, Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Resources and Compound Prescription, Ministry of Education and Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China
2 Hubei Bencaohui Agricultural Development Co. Ltd., Xianning City, Hubei Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Keli Chen
Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Resources and Compound Prescription, Ministry of Education and Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430065
China
Yimei Liu
Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Resources and Compound Prescription, Ministry of Education and Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/pm.pm_382_19

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Background: A cultivar of Chrysanthemum, whose whole plant has strong and special fragrance, was found in Jiugong Mountain area, Xianning City, Hubei Province. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine taxonomic status of the cultivar in genus Dendranthema. Materials and Methods: The differences of morphological characteristics and volatile oil components between this cultivar and Dendranthema indicum, D. indicum var. aromaticum, and Dendranthema molifolium cv. “Jinju” were compared. Results: The cultivar was found to be a Chrysanthemum breed with unisexual flowers. The volatile oil content was 0.25% in its stem and leave of the breed and about 1.81% in its inflorescence which was much higher than that of other 3 species. There are 17 common components among volatile oils in inflorescence of the four Chrysanthemum species, but the thujone content of this cultivar is much higher than other three species. Conclusions: The cultivar is a new, cultivated Chrysanthemum breed, rich in volatile oil and thujone content, and named as Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvel. cv. “Jiugong Xiangju.”


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