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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 50  |  Page : 273-279

Antiurolithiatic effect of Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer: A polyherbal siddha decoction on ethylene glycol-induced renal calculus in experimental rats

1 Department of Biochemistry, Herbal and Indian Medicine Research Laboratory, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pathology, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
A Hannah Rachel Vasanthi
Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry - 605 014
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pm.pm_454_16

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Background: Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer (SK), a polyherbal decoction containing four medicinal plants has been used in Siddha system of medicine, practiced in Southern parts of India for the management of urolithiasis. Objective: The present study is carried out to scientifically validate the traditional claim and to study the mechanism of action of the drug. Materials and Methods: In the present study, anti-urolithiatic effect of SK was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats using ethylene glycol through drinking water and intraperitoneal injection of sodium oxalate. Renal damage was confirmed by the increased production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS). Results: Co-treatment with SK to urolithiatic rats for 21 days significantly prevented the elevation of renal and urinary stone biomarkers in plasma and renal tissue thereby preventing renal damage and the formation of renal calculi. Administration of SK at all doses and cystone restored the antioxidant (glutathione) levels by preventing the elevation of TBARS in the kidney tissue, which was further confirmed by histological sections. Conclusions: SK treatment promotes diuresis which leads to flushing of the renal stones and maintains the alkaline environment in the urinary system which probably mediates the antilithiatic activity. SK provides structural and functional protection to the kidneys by enhancing its physiological function against stone formation and validates its clinical use. Abbreviations used: SK: Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer; TBARS: ThioBarbituric Acid Reactive Substances; SOD: SuperOxide Dismutase; GPx: Gluthathione peroxidase; GSH- Glutathione; LPO: Lipid peroxidation as measured as TBARS; AST: Aspartate AminoTransferase; ALT: Alanine Amino transferase; GGT: Gamma Glutamyl Transferase; LDH: Lactate Dehydrogenase.

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