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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 46  |  Page : 277-284

Optimization extraction process of polysaccharides from Suillus granulatus and their antioxidant and immunological activities In vitro

Department of Biotechnology, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun, P.R. China

Correspondence Address:
Zhanyong Wang
NO. 1, West Dandong Road, Fushun 113001
P.R. China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.182161

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Background: Suillus granulatus is an edible and medicinal fungus in China. S. granulatus polysaccharide (SGP) was considered as the main bioactivity compounds in S. granulatus. Therefore, the extraction of SGP and their antioxidant activities were studied in this work. Materials and Methods: Fruiting bodies of S. granulatus were purchased from a local market (Fushun, China). Response surface methodology was adopted to optimize the extraction conditions of SGP. The antioxidant and immunological activities in vitro were also assayed. Results: The extraction of SGP was optimized by a Box–Behnken design. The optimal conditions for the extraction of polysaccharides were as follows: Pre-extraction time, 2 h; extraction temperature, 94°C; ratio of water to raw material, 25; and extraction frequency, 2. Under these conditions, the experimental yield of polysaccharides was 5.38% ±0.15%, which agreed with the predicted yield. The antioxidant assay in vitro showed that SGPs had relatively high scavenging ability for hydroxyl radicals and higher scavenging ability for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical. However, the scavenging ability of SGPs for superoxide anion radical and reducing power was relatively low. The polysaccharides also significantly increased splenocyte proliferation in vitro. Conclusion: SGP possessed good antioxidant and immunological activities in vitro and explored as a novel natural antioxidant or functional food. SUMMARY
  • The predictive model of Suillus granulatus polysaccharide (SGP) extraction is adequate for the extraction process
  • SGP possessed a good antioxidant activity in vitro
  • Lymphocyte proliferation in vitro was significantly increased by SGP
  • Pictorial abstract (in MS Powerpoint Format) is submitted as a separated file in the online submission system.
Abbreviation used: SGP: Suillus granulatus polysaccharides, RSM: Response surface methodology, BBD: Box–Behnken design, Vc: Ascorbic acid, DPPH: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, MTT: 3-(4,5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, ConA: Concanavalin A, LPS: lipopolysaccharide, RPMI-1640: Roswell Park Memorial Institute-1640. Zhanyong Wang

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