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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 44  |  Page : 469-473

Bio prospecting of marine-derived Streptomyces spectabilis VITJS10 and exploring its cytotoxicity against human liver cancer cell lines

Industrial Biotechnology Division, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Subathra Devi Chandrasekaran
Industrial Biotechnology Division, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore - 632 014, Tamilnadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.168974

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Background: Recently, numerous pathogens have developed resistance due to the indiscriminate use of commercial therapeutic drugs. Objective: The main aim of the study was to evaluate the bioactive potential of the Streptomyces spectabilis VITJS10 crude extract. Materials and Methods: The S. spectabilis VITJS10 ethyl acetate extract was tested for antibacterial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties. Genotypic characterization was done using 16S r-DNA partial gene amplification and sequencing. The authenticity of the crude chemical constitutes were determined by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Results: The antibacterial potential revealed the effective activity against Shigellaflexneri (MTCC No: 1457) (22 mm), Salmonella typhi (MTCC No: 1167) (23 mm), Escherichia coli (MTCC No: 1588) (22 mm), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC No: 4676) (22 mm) at 20 mg/mL concentration. Scavenging ability of the extract was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay revealing its 95% inhibition at 5 mg/mL concentration. Hepatocellular cancer cells (HepG2) cell line was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl thiazol-2yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay. The extract showed maximum inhibition at IC50of 250 μg/mL with 53.6% cell viability. The highest 16S rRNA gene sequence homogeneity was observed 99% similar with the novel strain S. spectabilis S3-1. The chemical components of the crude extract of VITJS10 were detected with 37 chemical constituents. However three major compounds were identified, namely Sulfurous acid, 2-ethylhexyl tridecyl ester, Phenol, 2,4-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl), and Trans-2-methyl-4-n-pentylthiane, S, S-Dioxide. Conclusion: Hence the present study justifies the overwhelming circumstantial evidence as the most bioactive metabolites from the marine origin, which has potential utilization in pharmaceutical industry.

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