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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 36  |  Page : 344-349

Effect of NR-Salacia on post-prandial hyperglycemia: A randomized double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in healthy volunteers

1 Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Clinical Research (India), Bangalore, India
2 Department of Medicine, Srinivasa Diabetic Research Centre, Bangalore, India
3 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Natural Remedies, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Joseph Joshua Allan
R and D Centre, Natural Remedies, Plot No.5B, Veerasandra Indl. Area, 19th K. M. Stone, Hosur Road, Electronic city, Bangalore - 560 100, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.117831

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Background: Salacia chinensis (S. chinensis) is widely distributed in India and Sri Lanka. Most of the species of genus Salacia are known to have effects on blood glucose levels; however, the effects of S. chinensis on glucose levels are seldom reported. Objective: To evaluate the oral hypoglycemic activity of NR- Salacia (1000 mg extract of S. chinensis) in healthy adults. Materials and Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study was conducted in healthy volunteers. Single dose of NR-Salacia (1000 mg extract of Salacia chinensis) and placebo were administered before carbohydrate-rich diet. A 6-point plasma glucose profile was performed at different time intervals up to 180 min. Results: NR-Salacia treatment significantly lowered plasma glucose level at 90 min, and the percentage reduction in glucose concentration was found to be 13.32 as compared to placebo group. A 33.85% decrease in the plasma glucose positive incremental area under curve (AUC) (0 to 180 min) was observed in comparison to placebo. No adverse events were recorded throughout the study period, except for some mild cases of abdominal discomforts like cramping and distention, vomiting, and headache in both placebo and NR-Salacia-treated groups. Conclusion: The study findings revealed that NR-Salacia lowered the post-prandial plasma glucose levels after a carbohydrate-rich meal and can be used as an oral hypoglycemic agent.

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