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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 35  |  Page : 264-270

Evaluation of the hypolipidemic activity of 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin on placental tissue factor mRNA expression in experimental anti-phospholipid syndrome

Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Govindaraju Archunan
Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu - 620 024
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.113287

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Background: Anti-phospholipid syndrome is a thrombogenic and systemic autoimmune disorder that influences fetal life throughout gestation period. Over expression of tissue factor on the surface of monocyte(s) is reported to be a major causative agent in inducing anti-phospholipid antibody-mediated placental thrombosis and fetal loss in pregnant women. The over expression of tissue factor is proposed to be due to high levels of blood cholesterol and oxidized lipoproteins. Objective: In this study, we report the lipid-lowering property and anti-tissue factor activity of one of the naturally occurring coumarin derivates 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, found aplenty in Chinese medicinal plant Artemisia scoparia, and its effect on tissue factor mRNA expression in experimental anti-phospholipid syndrome. Materials and Methods: Adult female mice were immunized with cardiolipin and beta-2-glycoprotein-1 to induce experimental anti-phospholipid syndrome. Female mice with high titer of aCL were allowed to mate with male, and the female mice were treated with 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin on a daily dose of 5 mg/kg body weight from day 3 to day 15 of gestation. On day 18 of pregnancy, all the animals were dissected to measure biochemical parameters in blood, and TF mRNA expression levels were measured in placenta. Results: Treatment with 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin significantly reduced the levels of cholesterol and plasma lipids by its potent hypolipidemic property, which eventually reduced the over-expression tissue factor at mRNA levels in placenta. We believe that further studies in animal model would reveal the potential therapeutic properties of 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin against anti-phospholipid syndrome. Conclusion: The 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin is capable to reduce the expression of TF in placenta at the mRNA level and thrombus generation indirectly by its potent anti-TF and anti-oxidant activities.

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