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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Effects of Xanthii Fructus on the serum levels of cytokines in the allergic rhinitis (AR) model. The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (a), interleukine-1 beta (IL-1β) (b), IL-5 (c), IL-6 (d), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (e) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (f) in the sera of AR model were measured by mouse cytokine/chemokine magnetic bead panel kits. Independent experiments were performed (n = 8) and the columns and error bars represent the mean ± standard error. +P < 0.05 and ++P < 0.01, significantly different from the sham group. *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01, significantly different from the ovalbumin group

Figure 4: Effects of Xanthii Fructus on the serum levels of cytokines in the allergic rhinitis (AR) model. The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (a), interleukine-1 beta (IL-1β) (b), IL-5 (c), IL-6 (d), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (e) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (f) in the sera of AR model were measured by mouse cytokine/chemokine magnetic bead panel kits. Independent experiments were performed (n = 8) and the columns and error bars represent the mean ± standard error. +P < 0.05 and ++P < 0.01, significantly different from the sham group. *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01, significantly different from the ovalbumin group