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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Cultures were pretreated with the methanolic extract of L. japonica 1 hr before glutamate exposure. The change of cellular nitric oxide was determined using the griess reagent. The values shown are means ± Standard deviation of three experiments (3-4 cultures per experiment). Glutamate-injured value differs significantly from the control at a level of P<0.001. **P<0.01, ***P<0.001 vs. Glutamate-injured cells (Analysis of Variance [ANOVA] and Tukey)

Figure 3: Cultures were pretreated with the methanolic extract of <i>L. japonica</i> 1 hr before glutamate exposure. The change of cellular nitric oxide was determined using the griess reagent. The values shown are means ± Standard deviation of three experiments (3-4 cultures per experiment). Glutamate-injured value differs significantly from the control at a level of <i>P</i><0.001. **<i>P</i><0.01, ***<i>P</i><0.001 vs. Glutamate-injured cells (Analysis of Variance [ANOVA] and Tukey)