Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 65  |  Page : 722--729

Systematic estimation of potential risk caused by the replacement of aconite's cultivar


Yan Shen1, Sun Xu1, Wang Mengyan1, Tang Yongbin2, Chi Xu3, Honeycutt Hailey3, Tong Kai4, Mou Lan1, Chen Ji1, Zhong Weiping1, Liu Chen1, Mengliang Tian1 
1 Agricultural College, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Chengdu, China
2 Tibet Vocational Technical College, Chengguan, Lhasa, Tibet, China
3 Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
4 College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University of Light Industry, Sichuan, China

Correspondence Address:
Mengliang Tian
Agricultural College, Sichuan Agricultural University, 211 Huimin Road, Wenjiang, Chengdu, Sichuan
China

Background: Aconite is a famous toxic medicinal plant in the world. But in China, the aconite cultivar, Qingchuan cultivar, which has been stably used for 2000 years, are being rapidly replaced by the Liangshan cultivar, a new cultivar with better agronomic traits. However, the risk of the replacement is still unknown. Materials and Methods: We combine field research and cultivation experiments to clarify differences in provenance and differences in agronomic traits. We used high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to analyze the content of key ingredients in commercially available medicines and semi-finished drugs. We then performed a transcriptome analysis of the two resources to study the key differential pathways of the two species and conducted a systematic discussion. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical differences were assessed by analysis of variance or least significant difference. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The survey and cultivation experiments showed that the overwhelming superiority of agronomic traits had already made Liangshan cultivar occupy the vast majority of areas. HPLC showed that the content of diester alkaloids in the Liangshan cultivar was slightly higher and that of higenamine was significantly lower. Analysis of the patented drug and fuzi flake demonstrated a strong correlation between higenamine and cardiac activity. Transcriptome analysis revealed that the upregulation of multiple genes in the isoquinoline pathway in Qingchuan cultivar resulted in the large difference of higenamine.


How to cite this article:
Shen Y, Xu S, Mengyan W, Yongbin T, Xu C, Hailey H, Kai T, Lan M, Ji C, Weiping Z, Chen L, Tian M. Systematic estimation of potential risk caused by the replacement of aconite's cultivar.Phcog Mag 2019;15:722-729


How to cite this URL:
Shen Y, Xu S, Mengyan W, Yongbin T, Xu C, Hailey H, Kai T, Lan M, Ji C, Weiping Z, Chen L, Tian M. Systematic estimation of potential risk caused by the replacement of aconite's cultivar. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 13 ];15:722-729
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2019;volume=15;issue=65;spage=722;epage=729;aulast=Shen;type=0