Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 64  |  Page : 335--345

Evaluation of the effectiveness of Acmella uliginosa (Sw.) Cass. flower methanolic extract in pain amelioration and memory impairment in the experimental rat models: Search for an alternative remedy over opioid painkillers


Subhashis Paul1, Debabrata Modak1, Somit Dutta2, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri3, Soumen Bhattacharjee1 
1 Department of Zoology, Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Botany, Molecular Genetics Laboratory, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Zoology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Soumen Bhattacharjee
Department of Zoology, Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling - 734 013, West Bengal
India

Background: The flower of Acmella uliginosa (AU) (Sw.) Cass., a naturally grown herb in India, is consumed as a natural painkiller for its notable analgesic properties. Objective: The objective of the study was to establish the role of AU flower methanolic extract in antinociception and its neuromodulatory activities to assess any disadvantage of the drug akin to opioids. Materials and Methods: In experimental rats, plant flower extracts were fed at a dose of 100 mg and 200 mg/kg body weight (BW) for 14 days. Analgesic activity was evaluated through formalin-induced paw licking test. T-maze, novel object recognition (NOR), and rotarod tests were done to assess the role of the extract in memory alteration and neuromotor coordination, respectively. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), reduced glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity from the brain homogenates were done to assess the induced oxidative stress. Results: The plant proved to be a promising analgesic when fed orally up to 200 mg/kg BW dose. No acute toxicity was seen up to 1000 mg/kg. In the T-maze test, extract-fed animals showed a reduction in food searching time. In NOR test, the discrimination index between new and familiar objects was high in extract-fed animals compared to standard group. In rotarod test, the extract did not alter the neuromotor coordination. AChE, GSH, and SOD activities were normal in extract-treated animals. Conclusion: Memory alteration and oxidative stress are two major drawbacks associated with opioid drugs. Our results indicate that the AU flower methanolic extract qualifies as a potent painkiller and overcomes the disadvantages of opioid analgesics.


How to cite this article:
Paul S, Modak D, Dutta S, Chaudhuri TK, Bhattacharjee S. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Acmella uliginosa (Sw.) Cass. flower methanolic extract in pain amelioration and memory impairment in the experimental rat models: Search for an alternative remedy over opioid painkillers.Phcog Mag 2019;15:335-345


How to cite this URL:
Paul S, Modak D, Dutta S, Chaudhuri TK, Bhattacharjee S. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Acmella uliginosa (Sw.) Cass. flower methanolic extract in pain amelioration and memory impairment in the experimental rat models: Search for an alternative remedy over opioid painkillers. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Feb 19 ];15:335-345
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2019;volume=15;issue=64;spage=335;epage=345;aulast=Paul;type=0