Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 50  |  Page : 294--300

Hepatoprotective effect of gallotannin-enriched extract isolated from gall on hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells


Jun Go1, Ji Eun Kim1, Eun Kyoung Koh1, Sung Hwa Song1, Hyun Gu Kang2, Young Hee Lee3, Han Do Kim3, Jin Tae Hong4, Dae Youn Hwang1 
1 Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources and Life Science/Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University, Miryang 627-706, Korea
2 Laboratory of Veterinary Theriogenology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 362-763, Korea
3 Department of Organic Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Korea, Korea
4 Department of Pharmacy, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, Korea

Correspondence Address:
Dae Youn Hwang
Department of Biomaterial Science, College of Natural Resources and Life Science, Pusan National University, 50 Cheonghak-ri, Samnangjin-eup Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do 627-706
Korea

Background: Gall (Galla Rhois [GR]) is known to have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimetastatic, and anti-invasion activities and exert hepatoprotective effects. However, the hepatoprotective effects of gallotannin-enriched GR (GEGR) and their mechanisms have not yet been investigated. Objective: The potential protective effect of GEGR against hepatotoxicity induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated. Materials and Methods: Changes in cell viability, apoptosis protein expression, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were determined in HepG2 cells that were pretreated with four different concentrations of GEGR (6.25–50 μg/ml) for 24 h before H2O2exposure. Results: GEGR consisted of gallotannin (69.2%), gallic acid (26.6%), and methyl gallate (4.2%) and showed remarkable 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging activity (inhibitory concentration 50% = 0.212 μg/ml). The lethal dose 50% and effective dose 50% values for the response of HepG2 cells to GEGR were determined to be 178 and 6.85 μg/ml, respectively. Significant reductions in the immunofluorescence intensity indicating apoptosis were also detected in the nuclei of HepG2 cells stained with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and Annexin V after GEGR treatment. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and active caspase-3 level were higher in H2O2 + vehicle-treated cells. However, these levels gradually decreased to those of the No-treated group in the GEGR pretreated group even though little or no decrease was observed in response to low GEGR concentrations. Furthermore, the GEGR pretreated group showed a reduced level of 2-,7--dichlorofluorescein diacetate stained cells, indicating ROS generation relative to the H2O2 + vehicle-treated group. Conclusion: The results of this study provide strong evidence that GEGR can prevent cell death induced by H2O2in HepG2 cells through the induction of antioxidant conditions. Abbreviations used: COX: Cyclooxygenase; DAPI: 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DMSO: Dimethyl sulfoxide; DPPH: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; GEGR: Gallotannin-enriched Galla Rhois; GR: Galla Rhois; HPLC: High-performance liquid chromatography; H2O2: Hydrogen peroxide; MMP: Metallopeptidase; MTT: 3-(4,5 dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide; ROS: Reactive oxygen species; UV-Vis: Ultraviolet-visible.


How to cite this article:
Go J, Kim JE, Koh EK, Song SH, Kang HG, Lee YH, Kim HD, Hong JT, Hwang DY. Hepatoprotective effect of gallotannin-enriched extract isolated from gall on hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells.Phcog Mag 2017;13:294-300


How to cite this URL:
Go J, Kim JE, Koh EK, Song SH, Kang HG, Lee YH, Kim HD, Hong JT, Hwang DY. Hepatoprotective effect of gallotannin-enriched extract isolated from gall on hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Nov 18 ];13:294-300
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2017;volume=13;issue=50;spage=294;epage=300;aulast=Go;type=0