Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 49  |  Page : 56--62

Exploratory studies of (-)-Epicatechin, a bioactive compound of Phyllanthus niruri, on the antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress markers in D-galactosamine-induced hepatitis in rats: A study with reference to clinical prospective


Bhasha Shanmugam1, Kondeti Ramudu Shanmugam3, Sahukari Ravi2, Ganjikunta Venkata Subbaiah2, Chilakala Ramakrishana3, Korivi Mallikarjuna4, Kesireddy Sathyavelu Reddy2 
1 Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati; Department of Zoology, T.R.R. Government Degree College, Kandukur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
3 Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea
4 Institute of Nutrition (16F), China Medical University, Hsueh-Shih Road, North District, Taichung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kondeti Ramudu Shanmugam
Department of Zoology, T.R.R. Government Degree College, Kandukur, Andhra Pradesh
India

Background: Hepatitis is a health problem affecting millions of people worldwide and it is the major risk factor for liver cirrhosis. In India, many plants are used to treat hepatitis. But little is known about the effects of (-)-epicatechin a bioactive compound of Phyllanthus niruri (PN) in hepatitis rats. Objective: The present study was designed to explore the antioxidant property of (-)-epicatechin isolated from PN in D-Galactosamine (D-GalN) induced hepatitis rats. Materials and Methods: The rats are divided into five groups as per the experimental design. (-)-Epicatchin pretreatment was given to the hepatitis rats for 21 days and biochemical analysis was carried out. The hepatic antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and serum markers aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, and bilirubin are estimated. Results: All the antioxidant enzymes activities and albumin levels are depleted in hepatitic rats. Whereas GST, ALP, AST, ALT activities and MDA, and bilirubin levels are elevated in hepatitis rats, (-)-epicatechin pretreatment increased all the antioxidant enzymes and decreased the GST, ALP, AST, ALT, and MDA levels in hepatitis rats. However, histopatholoigic studies also proves that (-)-epicatechin pretreatment decreased the tissue damage in hepatitis condition. This is the first report on the antioxidant enzymes and hepatoprotective effect of (-)-epicatechin in hepatitis rats. Conclusion: From this study, we conclude that (-)-epicatechin treatment decreased the oxidative damage in hepatitis rats. Abbreviations used: Phyllanthus niruri (PN), D-Galactosamine (D-GalN),superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione s transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), World Health Organisation (WHO), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS).


How to cite this article:
Shanmugam B, Shanmugam KR, Ravi S, Subbaiah GV, Ramakrishana C, Mallikarjuna K, Reddy KS. Exploratory studies of (-)-Epicatechin, a bioactive compound of Phyllanthus niruri, on the antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress markers in D-galactosamine-induced hepatitis in rats: A study with reference to clinical prospective.Phcog Mag 2017;13:56-62


How to cite this URL:
Shanmugam B, Shanmugam KR, Ravi S, Subbaiah GV, Ramakrishana C, Mallikarjuna K, Reddy KS. Exploratory studies of (-)-Epicatechin, a bioactive compound of Phyllanthus niruri, on the antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress markers in D-galactosamine-induced hepatitis in rats: A study with reference to clinical prospective. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Jul 17 ];13:56-62
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2017;volume=13;issue=49;spage=56;epage=62;aulast=Shanmugam;type=0