Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 38  |  Page : 125--131

The extracts of Japanese willow tree species are effective forapoptotic desperation or differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells


Kounosuke Fujita1, Yuji Nomura2, Masahiko Sawajiri2, Pravat K Mohapatra3, Hany A El-Shemy4, Nguyen T Nguyen5, Masashi Hosokawa6, Kazuo Miyashita6, Teruo Maeda5, Hirofumi Saneoka5, Shohei Fujita1, Takayuki Fujita1 
1 Fazenda Fuiita LLC, Nanaehama, HOkuto,049-0111, Japan
2 Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima - 734-0037, Japan
3 School of Life Science, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Sambalpur, India
4 Cairo Universty Research Park, Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University,12613 Giza, Egypt
5 Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan
6 Graduate School of Fisheriers Sciences, Hokkaido University, Minato, Hakodate, 041-8611, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Hany A El-Shemy
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture Research Park, Cairo University, 12613 Giza
Egypt

Background: The antileukemic activity of hot water extract of plant parts of some Japanese willow tree species grown at different levels of nitrogen were examined. Materials and Methods: Water extracts of willow leaves were prepared for this studies in different level of nitrogen nutrition. Results: The extracts obtained from the leaves and stem exhibited anti-leukemic activities prominently. The crude hot water extracts of the young growing parts including apex, matured leaves and stem, killed the blasts of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, (HL60 and NB4) after 48h incubation, however, such desperation was far less in the root extract. Similar to the plant parts, response of extracts obtained from different willow species was not identical; the proportion of dead cells relative to whole cells of the culture medium ranged from 21% to 93% among the species. Leaf extracts obtained from the responsive willow species decreased the live cell percentage and increased the dead cell percentage at higher level of nitrogen nutrition. The mode of desperation of leaf extract treated AML cells in such species appeared to be cell apoptosis as shown by binding with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) -labeled Annexin V. Conclusion: Differentiation of alive AML cells continued unabated and apoptosis was poor when extract of an unresponsive species added to the culture medium.


How to cite this article:
Fujita K, Nomura Y, Sawajiri M, Mohapatra PK, El-Shemy HA, Nguyen NT, Hosokawa M, Miyashita K, Maeda T, Saneoka H, Fujita S, Fujita T. The extracts of Japanese willow tree species are effective forapoptotic desperation or differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells.Phcog Mag 2014;10:125-131


How to cite this URL:
Fujita K, Nomura Y, Sawajiri M, Mohapatra PK, El-Shemy HA, Nguyen NT, Hosokawa M, Miyashita K, Maeda T, Saneoka H, Fujita S, Fujita T. The extracts of Japanese willow tree species are effective forapoptotic desperation or differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Aug 25 ];10:125-131
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2014;volume=10;issue=38;spage=125;epage=131;aulast=Fujita;type=0