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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 70  |  Page : 345-349

In vitro anti-inflammation, selective cytotoxicity, and inhibition of induced nitric oxide from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated raw 264.7 macrophages activities of flavonoids from Hermannia geniculata eckl and zeyh roots extract


1 Department of Plant Sciences, Phytomedicine and Phytopharmacology Research Group, University of the Free State, Qwaqwa Campus, Phuthaditjhaba, South Africa; Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
3 Department of Paraclinical Science, Phytomedicine Programme, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
4 Department of Plant Sciences, Phytomedicine and Phytopharmacology Research Group, University of the Free State, Qwaqwa Campus, Phuthaditjhaba, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Adeniran Lateef Ariyo
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/pm.pm_447_19

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Aim: Evaluation of in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of flavonoids of Hermannia geniculata (FHG) roots extract, selective cytotoxicity of Vero and hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells, as well as its capabilities to inhibit the production of induced nitric oxide (iNO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophage was investigated. Materials and Methods: Soybean 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) Inhibition and the tetrazolium-based colorimetric (MTT) assay methods were used. Results: The extract exhibited 73% inhibition of 5-LOX enzyme better than indomethacin (standard) with their respective IC50(10.15 ± 0.02 and 12.03 ± 0.02). It was observed that 65% of the Vero cells were viable at the highest concentration of 1 mg/mL of FHG extract and the LC50value is 1 mg/mL. Furthermore, the LC50value of 0.02 mg/mL was recorded for HepG2 cells at the concentration of 0.75 mg/mL. Selectivity index (SI) for the FHG extract is 50 which is higher than the 31.2 SI value of the standard. Inhibition of iNO production was observed in LPS activated RAW 264.7 Macrophages with the highest concentration of 0.1 mg/mL decrease iNO production by 87%. Conclusion: This study indicated that FHG extract possesses anti-inflammatory and antiproliferation properties.


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