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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 47  |  Page : 184-187

Responsive surface methodology optimizes extraction conditions of industrial by-products, Camellia japonica seed cake


1 School of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
2 Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 660-758, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Food and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Eui-Cheol Shin
Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 660-758
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.186339

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Background: The central nervous system is easily damaged by oxidative stress due to high oxygen consumption and poor defensive capacity. Hence, multiple studies have demonstrated that inhibiting oxidative stress-induced damage, through an antioxidant-rich diet, might be a reasonable approach to prevent neurodegenerative disease. Objective: In the present study, response surface methodology was utilized to optimize the extraction for neuro-protective constituents of Camellia japonica byproducts. Materials and Methods: Rat pheochromocytoma cells were used to evaluate protective potential of Camellia japonica byproducts. Results: Optimum conditions were 33.84 min, 75.24%, and 75.82°C for time, ethanol concentration and temperature. Further, we demonstrated that major organic acid contents were significantly impacted by the extraction conditions, which may explain varying magnitude of protective potential between fractions. Conclusions: Given the paucity of information in regards to defatted C. japonica seed cake and their health promoting potential, our results herein provide interesting preliminary data for utilization of this byproduct from oil processing in both academic and industrial applications. SUMMARY
  • Neuro-protective potential of C. japonica seed cake on cell viability was affected by extraction conditions
  • Extraction conditions effectively influenced on active constituents of C. japonica seed cake
  • Biological activity of C. japonica seed cake was optimized by the responsive surface methodology.
Abbreviations used: GC-MS: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer, MTT: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, PC12 cells: Pheochromocytoma, RSM: Response surface methodology. Eui-Cheol Shin


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