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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 21  |  Page : 9-12

Antioxidant activities and fatty acid composition of wild grown myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) fruits


1 Agricultural Faculty, Department of Horticulture, Mustafa Kemal University, 31034 Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
2 Agricultural Faculty, Department of Horticulture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Sedat Serce
Mustafa Kemal University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Horticulture, 31034 Antakya, Hatay
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.59960

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The fruits of eight myrtles, Myrtus communis L. accessions from the Mediterranean region of Turkey were evaluated for their antioxidant activities and fatty acid contents. The antioxidant activities of the fruit extracts were determined by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and β-carotene-linoleic acid assays. The fatty acid contents of fruits were determined by using gas chromatography. The methanol extracts of fruits exhibited a high level of free radical scavenging activity. There was a wide range (74.51-91.65%) of antioxidant activity among the accessions in the β-carotene-linoleic acid assay. The amount of total phenolics (TP) was determined to be between 44.41-74.44 µg Gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/mg, on a dry weight basis. Oleic acid was the dominant fatty acid (67.07%), followed by palmitic (10.24%), and stearic acid (8.19%), respectively. These results suggest the future utilization of myrtle fruit extracts as food additives or in chemoprevention studies.


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