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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 20  |  Page : 320-323

Physico-chemical characteristics of some wild grown European elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) genotypes


1 Black Sea Agricultural Research Institute, 55139 Gelemen-Samsun, Turkey
2 Department of Horticulture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
3 Oltu Vacational School, Ataturk University, 25800 Erzurum, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Sezai Ercisli
Department of Horticulture, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.58153

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Wild grown European elderberry ( Sambucus nigra ) plants are widespread in different parts of Turkey and have been used in folk medicine so a long time. Some selected physico-chemical characteristics such as berry weight, protein, pH, total acidity, soluble solid, reducing sugar, vitamin C, total antioxidant capacity (FRAP assay), total phenolic and total anthocyanins of four pre-selected wild grown European elderberry fruits were investigated. Significant differences on most of the chemical content were detected among the genotypes used. The genotype AR2 had the highest protein content (2.91%), while AR4 had the lowest protein content (2.68%). The genotypes with the highest total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic and total anthocyanin content were AR2 (6.37 mmol/100 g fw; 432 mg GAE/100 g fw and 283 mg cyaniding-3-glucoside/100 g fw). The results showed that European elderberry very rich in terms of health components


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